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Camelus bactrianus Camel Incisive Tooth Mammalia Artiodactyla Camelidae

  • Product Code: C16075
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Origin : Morocco

Size : cm 6-7

Camel Incisive Tooth Camelus bactrianus cm 6-7 Mammalia Artiodactyla Camelidae.
Family: Camelidae.

The Camel (Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus, 1758) is a mammal of the Camelidae family.
The common name "Camel" comes from the Latin camelus, in turn from the Greek term camelos, which would derive from a Semitic term from which the Hebrew gamál and the Arabic jamal are also derived). Camel is commonly used to identify both species of the genus Camelus, or even for the dromedary; in this case they are distinguished as "two-humped camel and "one-humped camel".
Among the Artiodactyls it is one of the largest species. It can reach 3-4 meters in length, the height from the ground to the tip of the hump also reaches 2-3 meters and weighs an average of 400-500 kg.
The main difference with respect to its close relative, the dromedary (Camelus dromedarius), is the presence on its back of two equally developed humps: the dromedary seems in fact to have only one, due to an extreme reduction of the front one. These appendages are deposits of fat, useful as a reserve in times of scarcity of food; they, compared to the dromedary, also have the characteristic of collapsing laterally when they are empty, instead of simply reducing in volume. Compared to the dromedary, the camel has a thicker coat, which becomes particularly long in the lower area of the neck.
The camel lives in the desert and steppe areas of central Asia, between Anatolia and Mongolia. The scientific name ("Bactrianus") was given to it by Carl von Linné in 1758 because he thought it originated in Bactria, a region between Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
Strong and resistant animal, it is capable of carrying loads of up to 450 kg. It has an extraordinary ability to resist dehydration: it can even survive for 1 or 2 months without rehydrating, due to particular metabolic adaptations of the blood and physiological (kidneys, colon, etc.) that manage the dispersion of liquids. As a water reserve it can drink up to 150 liters of water in one go. Its body can withstand enormous changes in temperature, and is able to retain the moisture in the air.
At a maximum speed of 4 km per hour it can walk up to about 24 consecutive hours, until it travels about 50 km a day. Camels usually live in herds of about twenty specimens led by a male. Female camels give birth to only one calf at a time after a 13-month gestation period.
C. bactrianus bactrianus
C. bactrianus ferus

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