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Cleoniceras Ammonite Couple Fossil Sea Shell XL Prehistoric Cretaceous Collection (9)

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Origin : Northwestern Madagascar (Mahajanga)

Geological era : Lower Cretaceous (Albian)

Age : 112 million of years

Size : cm 18.5

Ammonite XL Fossil Seashell Double sectioned Pair mm 185 diam. gr 629 and 616 Cleoniceras besairei Extinct Prehistoric Cephalopods Molluscs Mesozoic Cretaceous Collecting Paleontology Museum.

Remarkable Extralarge fossil find of Ammonite Hoplitidae from the Lower Cretaceous, representative collectible specimen in excellent condition, Extra quality. Polished Pair Section, with perfectly visible internal chambers where the animal lodged, with lovely deposits of quartz and calcite.
Only a piece, as in photos.
Also available in bamboo frame, red "fire" opal and pendant, at this link.

The Hoplitidae, which includes the gen. Cleoniceras, are a family of Cretaceous Ammonites who lived in the mid-period from the late Aptian to the Cenomanian. They are part of the superfamily Hoplitoidea.
Members of the Hoplitidae are typically evolved, with the internal whorls exposed, although some are more involuted, and are commonly robust and strongly ribbed, with pronounced tubercles. The Hoplitidae are thought to derive from the Uligella genus of the Desmoceratidae, or some related form, and have been divided into three subfamilies.
Cleoniceras is a rather involuted hoplithid, with high whorls, native to the lower and basal middle Albian of Europe, Madagascar and the Trans-Caspian region. The shell has a generally small umbilicus, an arched or acute belly, and, typically, at a certain stage of growth, falcoid ribs that arise in pairs from the umbilical tubercles, usually disappearing on the outer whorls. Cleoniceras is included in the subfamily Cleoniceratinae.

The Ammonites are an extinct group of Cephalopods, which appeared in the Lower Devonian about 400 million years ago and extinguished at the end of the Cretaceous, together with the Dinosaurs (65 million years ago), leaving no known descendants. Like all cephalopods known this organisms were carnivorous: active predators of marine animals, microphagous (plankton), scavengers, and even cannibals. The shell of ammonites in general has the form of a spiral wound on a plan (although some species, such heteromorphy, have a more complex three-dimensional winding) and it is this feature that has given their name. The appearance infact resembles a coiled horn, like that of a ram (the Egyptian god Amon was commonly depicted as a man with ram's horns). Pliny the Elder described the fossils of these animals ammonis cornua, "horns of Ammon." Often the name of the species of Ammonites ends with -ceras, from a greek word (κέρας) whose meaning is, in fact, "horn" (eg. Pleuroceras etymologically means horn with the coast).
The shell was divided by septa into several rooms, including the clam occupied only the last. The others were used as "air chambers" filled with gas and liquid to control the floating body. The ammonite could well change its depth in a manner similar to the current Nautilus.
Because of their extraordinary variability and distribution in marine sediments around the world the ammonites are considered fossils for excellence and guide-fossils of exceptional value, used for dating in stratigraphy of the sedimentary rocks.
The classification of ammonites is made on the basis of morphology and ornamentation of the shell, and the shape of septa, depending on the suture line.

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