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Crotalus viridis viridis (1) rattle

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  • Product Code: C14751
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Description

Origin : South Dakota (USA)


rattle of tail with 6 segments of prairie rattle-snake, cm 3, only a piece, as in pictures.

Crotalus viridis (common names: prairie rattlesnake, western rattlesnake, rattlesnake of the Great Plains and others) is a species of venomous viper native to the western United States, south-western Canada and northern Mexico. Currently, after a long taxonomic tribulation two subspecies are recognized: Crotalus viridis nuntius and Crotalus viridis viridis.
This species commonly grows up to over 1 meter in length. The maximum recorded size is 1.5 meters. Typically, the rattlesnakes are lightly colored in shades of brown, with dark spots distributed in a dorsal pattern. They have the characteristic triangle-shaped head and the sensory pit organs on both sides of the head.
They generally occupy areas with plenty of prey, preferring rocky areas where they occupy dens of other animals.
Western rattlesnakes live mostly on the ground, but sometimes they can climb trees or bushes. Some rest in cracks or caves. Like other species of rattlesnakes, Crotalus viridis rapidly vibrates its tail, which produces a unique sound similar to a scraping, to warn intruders.
The species has a powerful poison, a mixture of different proteins with enzymes such as proteases and peptidases. In addition to hemotoxin and its destructive effect on tissues, the poison also has neurotoxic properties.
Western rattlesnakes, due to their large distribution, have a wide range of prey. In general, this species prefers small mammals, such as ground squirrels, ground-nesting birds, mice, rats, small rabbits and prairie dogs. Occasionally they feed on amphibians and reptiles and sometimes even other snakes.
They are viviparous and can produce 1 to 25 juveniles per reproductive event. The average number can vary greatly due to the availability of food and environmental conditions. Females give birth in late summer or early autumn, without the need for parental care. Their babies are toxic as soon as they are born. They reach sexual maturity at three years.



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