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impactite Sweden Mien Crater (3)

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  • Product Code: M23830
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Description

Origin : South Sweden (Tingsryd)

Geological era : Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Age : 121 million of years

Size : 3.6 gr - mm 27 x 21 x 3


fragment of meteoric origin, very nice thin section of impactite melt green breccia slice, 3.6 gr, mm 27 x 21 x 3, only a piece, as in pictures.
Fall period: Early Cretaceous - Aptian (121 million years).

Included to the meteorite a geological tab dates paper.


The Mien Crater is a lake in southern Sweden. Its area is 19.9 km² and the greatest depth of 5.7 m.
The crater, now eroded by natural exogenous agents, is characterized by a circular lake of 5.5 km in diameter (Mien Lake). It is estimated that the original rim of the crater was about 9 km in diameter before erosion.
The lake that rises 12 km southwest of the city of Tingsryd, originated from a meteorite fallen on the Earth around 121.0 ± 2.3 million years ago (Aptian, Lower Cretaceous). The origin of the lake was assumed in 1910 by Arvid Högbom.



Impactites consist of pre-existing terrestrial rocks altered and / or merged partially or totally by the very high temperatures and pressures, instantaneous and of very short duration, generated by the impact of a large meteorite, asteroids and comets on the Earth's surface: "targeted" rocks may be of different types, as are the generated impacts. As a result of an impact, new types of rocks (such as suevite and kofelsite) can be created, as well as new minerals, different from the original rocks and minerals because part or all of the included elements have been expelled or destroyed by high temperatures, such as water, crystals or any fossils.
Unfused impacts may contain wedge fractures (shatter cones), varying in size from a few centimeters to over 2 meters.
The minerals that are formed, at least on Earth, only as a result of the impacts of asteroids or comets are: the chaoite, the coexite, the lechatelierite, the maskelynite, the reidite and the stishovite.
The lechatelierite can resemble the trinitite, a molten rock that forms on the subepicentral point of the explosion of atomic bombs.
Meteor impacts can also create glass-like impacts. Normally these glasses take their name from the area in which they are found, such as for example. the glass of Darwin, the glass of the Libyan desert, the irgizites.
Sometimes the asteroid / cometary impacts hurl terrestrial rocks completely fused at a great distance, during their ballistic flight, partly even outside the Earth's atmosphere; these fragments, cooling down, pass through a plastic condition, which shapes the fragments according to the most different aerodynamic shapes.
According to many researchers, the so-called tectites, found in different places on the Earth's surface, form part of these fragments.

Breccia is a rock composed of broken fragments of minerals or rock cemented together by a fine-grained matrix that can be similar to or different from the composition of the fragments. The word has its origins in the Italian language, in which it means either "loose gravel" or "stone made by cemented gravel". A breccia may have a variety of different origins, including sedimentary breccia, tectonic breccia, igneous breccia, impact breccia, and hydrothermal breccia.
Impact breccias are thought to be diagnostic of an impact event such as an asteroid or comet striking the Earth and are normally found at impact craters. Impact breccia, a type of impactite, forms during the process of impact cratering when large meteorites or comets impact with the Earth or other rocky planets or asteroids. Breccia of this type may be present on or beneath the floor of the crater, in the rim, or in the ejecta expelled beyond the crater.
Impact breccia may be identified by its occurrence in or around a known impact crater, and/or an association with other products of impact cratering such as shatter cones, impact glass, shocked minerals, and chemical and isotopic evidence of contamination with extraterrestrial material (e.g. iridium and osmium anomalies).



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