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Phylloceras mm 40 Ammonite Fossil Madagascar Cretaceous (5)

  • Product Code: F19380
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Origin : Northwestern Madagascar (Mahajanga)

Geological era : Lower Cretaceous (Albian)

Age : 110 million of years

Size : gr 31.8 - mm 40 x 32 x 18

Fossil Ammonite Cretaceous Phylloceras Madagascar mm 40 x 32 x 18 - gr 31.8. Ammonite Fossil you will receive is the one of the Photo.
Presumable specie: Phylloceras heterophyllum.
Also available in lots, at this link.

Specimen polished to highlight the character of ornamentation and the ammonitic suture lines of phylloid type (cells divided into elements more or less numerous leaf-shaped, high number of umbilical lobes and fractal geometry type). The ammonites from the Albian plane of Madagascar, are also characterized by iridescence.

The Ammonites are an extinct group of cephalopods, which appeared in the Lower Devonian about 400 million years ago and extinguished at the end of the Cretaceous, together with the dinosaurs (65 million years ago), leaving no known descendants. Like all cephalopods known this organisms were carnivorous: active predators of marine animals, microphagous (plankton), scavengers, and even cannibals. The shell of ammonites in general has the form of a spiral wound on a plan (although some species, such heteromorphy, have a more complex three-dimensional winding) and it is this feature that has given their name. The appearance infact resembles a coiled horn, like that of a ram (the Egyptian god Amon was commonly depicted as a man with ram's horns). Pliny the Elder described the fossils of these animals ammonis cornua, "horns of Ammon." Often the name of the species of Ammonites ends with -ceras, from a greek word (κέρας) whose meaning is, in fact, "horn" (eg. Pleuroceras etymologically means horn with the coast).
The shell was divided by septa into several rooms, including the clam occupied only the last. The others were used as "tubes" filled with gas and liquid to control the floating body. The ammonite could well change its depth in a manner similar to the current Nautilus.
Because of their extraordinary variability and distribution in marine sediments around the world the ammonites are considered fossils for excellence and guide-fossils of exceptional value, used for dating in stratigraphy of the sedimentary rocks.
The classification of ammonites is made on the basis of morphology and ornamentation of the shell, and the shape of septa, depending on the suture line.

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